Publications

The following manuscripts have been published or are currently in press. Listings are in chronological order, unless otherwise noted.

Research Publication 2
Title Publication Date/Location
Newly reported hypertension after military combat deployment in a large population-based study Hypertension 2009 Nov;54(5):966-73

Granado NS, Smith TC, Swanson GM, Harris RB, Shahar E, Smith B, Boyko EJ, Wells TS, Ryan MAK, for the Millennium Cohort Study Team

Findings suggest that deployers who report multiple combat exposures, especially those who personally witnessed a death due to war or disaster, are at higher risk for newly-reported hypertension, possibly indicating a stress-induced hypertensive effect.

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The US Department of Defense Millennium Cohort Study: career span and beyond longitudinal follow-up Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2009 Oct;51(10):1193-1201

Smith TS, for the Millennium Cohort Study Team

Describes the Millennium Cohort Study, a large longitudinal occupational health study designed and initiated prior to the combat deployments in Iraq and Afghanistan specifically to assess any short or long-term health outcomes during and after military service and career.

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Self-reported health symptoms and conditions among complementary and alternative medicine users in a large military cohort Annals of Epidemiology 2009 Sep;19(9)613-22

Jacobson IG, White MR, Smith TC, Smith B, Wells TS, Gackstetter GD, Boyko EJ, for the Millennium Cohort Study Team

Findings illustrate that a relatively young adult occupational cohort of military personnel using CAM therapies also report multiple comorbidities which may indicate chronic illness management and poorer overall health.

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Baseline self-reported functional health predicts vulnerability to posttraumatic stress disorder following combat deployment: prospective US military cohort study British Medical Journal 2009 Apr;338:b1273

LeardMann CA, Smith TC, Smith B, Wells TS, Ryan MAK, for the Millennium Cohort Study Team

Military service members who screen in the lowest 15% of health prior to combat exposure are more vulnerable to developing postdeployment PTSD.

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Postcards encourage participant updates Epidemiology 2009 Mar;20(2):313-4

Welch KE, LeardMann CA, Jacobson IG, Speigle SJ, Smith B, Smith TC, Ryan MAK, for the Millennium Cohort Study Team

The results of this study quantify and confirm that semiannual appreciatory contact is an effective way to maintain communication with a highly mobile participant population while prompting updates of contact information.

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Disordered eating and weight changes after deployment: longitudinal assessment of a large US military cohort American Journal of Epidemiology 2009 Feb;169(4):415-27

Jacobson IG, Smith TC, Smith B, Keel PK, Amoroso PJ, Wells TS, Bathalon GP, Boyko EJ, Ryan MAK for the Millennium Cohort Study Team

Deployed women who reported combat exposures represent a subgroup at higher risk for developing eating problems and weight loss postdeployment compared with deployed women who did not report combat exposures.

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PTSD prevalence, associated exposures, and functional health outcomes in a large, population-based military cohort Public Health Report 2009 Jan;124:90-102

Smith TC, Wingard DL, Ryan MAK, Kritz-Silverstein D, Slymen DJ, Sallis JF, for the Millennium Cohort Study Team

Findings suggest a 2% prevalence of current PTSD symptoms in the US Military that are associated with increased reporting of exposures and decrements in functional health.

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Cigarette smoking and military deployment: a prospective evaluation American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2008 Dec;35(6):539-46

Smith B, Ryan MAK, Wingard DL, Patterson TL, Slymen DJ, Macera CA, for the Millennium Cohort Study Team

Findings suggest an increase in smoking initiation and recidivism among deployers and highlight the importance of prevention strategies pre, during, and post deployment.

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Military combat deployment and alcohol use reply Journal of the American Medical Association 2008 Dec;300(22):2607

Jacobson IG, Smith TC, Bell NS

Highlights the utility of CAGE screening questions for use as controlling factors for those with potential problems using alcohol at baseline.

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Alcohol use and alcohol-related problems before and after military combat deployment Journal of the American Medical Association 2008 Aug;300(6):663-75

Jacobson IG, Ryan MAK, Hooper TI, Smith TC, Amoroso PJ, Boyko EJ, Gackstetter GD, Wells TS, Bell NS, for the Millennium Cohort Study Team

Findings suggest that Reserve and National Guard personnel and younger service members who deploy with reported combat exposures are at increased risk of new-onset heavy weekly drinking, binge drinking, and other alcohol-related problems.

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